What are common mistakes in Property Titles in India? An accurate and efficient property title helps to protect the interests of both buyers and sellers by providing clear and exact information about the property’s ownership history or any potential issues that may arise. It saves both parties from any challenges and takes timely action to avoid any legal dispute that may arise.

In India, typographical errors, inaccurate property descriptions, inaccurate owner information or boundary measurements are frequently the cause of property title issues. Properly addressing these property documentation errors via a formal legal property title correction process guarantees the accuracy and legitimacy of property records. To assist property owners in keeping accurate records and avoid possible legal problems, this article offers a complete guide to correcting errors in property titles in India, covering the rectification deed process and its legal procedures.


Understanding Property Titles in India

A property title indicates the ownership rights of a person and serves as proof of an individual’s legal right to possess, use and facilitate the smooth transfer of the property. An accurate property title serves as an essential part of property transactions to avoid disputes, ownership issues and securing loans. 

Deeds are the means through which titles of the property are transferred. A deed is a written legal instrument transferring the ownership or title of a property from one individual to another individual. For a legally valid deed, it must be expressed, written, signed, witnessed and delivered to the other party.

In India, some common types of property title deeds are: 

  • Sale Deed: A Sale Deed is a document that officially transfers ownership of property from the seller to the buyer. It is one of the most important documents in a property transaction and provides a clear, legal record of the sale and transfer of ownership.
  • Gift Deed: A gift deed is a document that reflects the transfer of any existing movable or immovable property as a gift out of natural love and affection. 
  • Lease Deed: A lease deed establishes a lease agreement between the property owner and the tenant and certifies the lessee’s ownership rights and interests in the leased property.
  • Mortgage Deed: A mortgage deed is a legal instrument that comes into existence when the property is mortgaged for a loan. The deed provides all the necessary information about the property’s interest and title.
  • Release Deed: A release deed is a legal document that contains a formal agreement of relinquishment of legal claim over the property in favour of another. It does not involve any consideration and is often used among family members.


Common errors in Property Titles

Common errors in property titles can lead to legal disputes and delays in property transactions. Ensuring accurate and thorough title verification is essential to avoid these complications. Here are the most common property documentation errors that need to be looked upon: 

Typographical Errors

Typographical errors occur when incorrect typing is done during data entry, resulting in misspellings, or incorrect names, addresses or other details in the property deed. To correct typographical errors, file a rectification deed. This document should clearly state the error and provide the correct information. Regularly review documents for accuracy to prevent such errors.

Incorrect Property Descriptions

Errors in property descriptions can lead to ambiguity about the property’s boundaries and features, causing legal complications and disputes over the actual limits and attributes of the property. Ensure accurate property descriptions by consulting with experts. If discrepancies are found, update the property deed with the correct information.

Mistakes in Owner Details

Incorrect names, addresses or identification numbers in the property deed can lead to significant legal and financial complications, as the ownership details are crucial for legal recognition and transaction processing. Verify all owner details before finalizing the deed.


Omissions in property deeds, such as missing names of co-owners, previous owners or important easements and restrictions, can lead to incomplete ownership records and legal complications. Review the deed for completeness and include all relevant information. Regular audits of property records can help identify and correct such omissions.

Overlapping Titles

Overlapping titles occur when multiple titles are awarded for the same property due to insufficient legal compliance, leading to disputes over rightful ownership. Conduct a thorough title search to identify any overlapping titles. Resolve conflicts through legal action if necessary. Ensure compliance with all legal requirements during the title issuance process to prevent future overlaps.


Step-by-Step Guide to Correcting Property Titles

A rectification deed in India is a legal instrument used to amend property documentation errors, ensuring that they accurately reflect the agreed terms between the parties. This document is vital for correcting errors in Property titles in India, preventing legal disputes and clarifying ownership. The process of executing a rectification deed in India for property title Correction involves the following steps: 

  • Identifying and documenting the error: The first step is to review the property title and identify and make a detailed list of all the specific errors. Typographic errors, inaccurate property descriptions and inaccuracies in owner information are examples of common property documentation errors.
  • Agreement to rectify: All the parties involved must expressly agree to the corrections. 
  • Drafting the Rectification deed: A legal expert drafts a rectification deed, outlining the details of an original document, the errors present in the document and the corrected information. 
  • Gathering required documents: The next step is to collect all the necessary and updated documents for the property title Correction process. These documents include the original property title deed to detect the errors, any proof of claim of an error, ID proof, address proof or any additional documents that can give proof of the correction. 
  • Execution and notarization of the rectification deed: The rectification deed must be signed by all the affected parties in the presence of at least two witnesses to validate the genuineness of the deed. Thereafter, the rectification deed must be notarized by a registered notary to give it legal validity. 
  • Submission to the Sub-Registrar for registration: The final step is to submit the rectification deed along with all supporting documents and an application for registration seeking corrections in the document along with the required fee to the Sub-Registrar’s office where the original deed was registered. After verifying the authenticity of the documents and the nature of the or, the Sub-Registrar will register the rectification deed, and provide a copy to the property owner. 

Documentation required for Rectification of deed 

The legal procedure for correcting errors in property titles in India necessitates detailed documentation to make the rectification deed legally binding. Here are the essential documents required for a rectification deed:

  • Original Property Title Deed: The existing deed with errors that need correction.
  • Affidavits from affected parties: Statements from affected parties confirming the errors and corrections.
  • Identity and Address Proof: Valid ID and address proofs of the property owner(s), such as an Aadhaar card, PAN card, or passport.
  • Supporting Documents: Any additional documents that give proof of the corrections, such as old land records, survey maps, or previous sale agreements.



Ensuring the accuracy of property titles is crucial for protecting the interests of both buyers and sellers in India. Correcting errors in property titles in India as early as possible ensures the reliability of property records, prevents disputes and maintains the legality of property transactions. By understanding the common mistakes in property titles and following legal procedures for property title correction, owners can safeguard their property rights. It is advisable to gather the relevant documents and seek legal advice to speed up the rectification process in India and ensure smooth intentions.

Secure Your Property Titles with Expert Legal Support from Raizada Law Associates

For expert assistance in correcting errors in property titles, contact Raizada Law Associates. Our team of experienced property lawyers can guide you through every step of the rectification process, ensuring that your property records are accurate and legally compliant. We offer comprehensive title searches to identify and document errors, expert legal drafting of rectification deeds, and assistance in gathering all necessary documents. Our team ensures that all corrections are legally compliant and handles notarization for added legal validity. 



1. What is a rectification deed?

A rectification deed is a legal document used to correct errors in an original property document. Unintentional common mistakes in the property titles sometimes led to questioning the ownership of the property. A rectification deed provides solutions for buyers and sellers to rectify such errors in property documents and make them legally valid.

2. How long does it take to correct errors in property titles?

Correcting errors in property titles in India typically takes between 4 to 8 weeks. The process begins with identifying and documenting the errors. Once all parties agree to the corrections, drafting the rectification deed by a legal expert usually takes another 1-2 weeks. Gathering the required documents and obtaining necessary signatures can, be followed by notarization and submission to the Sub-Registrar’s office, which may take an additional 1-2 weeks for processing and verification. The timeline can vary depending on the complexity of the errors and the efficiency of the involved parties and authorities.

3. Can all errors in property titles be corrected?

Most errors in property titles can be corrected through a rectification deed, including typographical mistakes, incorrect property descriptions, omissions, overlapping titles and inaccuracies in owner details. However, more complex issues may require additional legal procedures or court intervention.

4. What are the costs involved in rectifying property titles?

The costs include drafting fees for the rectification deed, notarization fees and a nominal charge to be paid to get a rectification deed registered at the sub-registrar’s office. If major changes need to be made in the document, a higher registration charge may be demanded. Legal fees for consulting a property lawyer may also be incurred. The exact amount may vary depending on location and specific circumstances.

5. What should I do if my rectification deed is rejected?

If a rectification deed is rejected, analyse the reason consulted by the Sub-Registrar’s office first such rejection. Examine the errors in the submission and re-submit the corrected rectification deed. You can also consult a property lawyer who can help to understand the legal procedure for correcting property titles.